Morbid obesity has become a very real concern throughout the western world. In fact, statistics now show that over nine per cent of the adult population is suffering from this potentially fatal condition. While this is disturbing in and of itself, another major issue is that many individuals are unfamiliar with the potential dangers as well as how severe obesity is defined. Let us first take a look at a measurement known as body mass index before relating this term to obesity. We can then learn to appreciate the “big” picture as well as how to make the appropriate changes.
Obesity and Body Mass Index
Body mass index is often abbreviate as BMI and it is one of the most effective ways to gauge the overall health of an individual. BMI is determined by dividing an individual’s weight the square of by his or her height. For example, a man who is 1.65 metres tall and weighs 82 kilogrammes would have a body mass index of roughly 29. Once a medical professional makes the associated calculations, the resulting value will be placed into a graduated scale. Here is a breakdown of BMI in terms of obesity:
- Less than 18.5: Underweight
- Between 18.5 and 24.9: Healthy
- From 25 to 29.9: Overweight
- Between 30 and 39.9: Obese
- Over 40: Morbidly obese
Now that we have established a basic relationship between BMI and morbid obesity, it is just as important to define the condition itself from a clinical point of view.
Morbid Obesity Defined
It is already clear that morbid obesity results from an extremely high body mass index. In other words, an individual is carrying a significant amount of excess weight. The issue here is that many are unaware of the potential risks associated with such a condition. One disturbing observation is that morbidly obese people are up to 50 per cent more likely to die at a young age when compared to those with a normal BMI. Unfortunately, this is not the only danger. An excessively high body mass index can lead to a wide spectrum of health issues including:
- Heart disease.
- Hypertension (high blood pressure).
- Type 2 diabetes.
- Poor blood circulation.
- Joint issues.
- Sleep apnea.
Morbidly obese individuals are also much more likely to experience emotional problems such as stress, anxiety, depression, and low self-esteem. These can make it even more difficult to make positive lifestyle changes and therefore, increase the risks of developing the conditions mentioned immediately above.
The Hidden Dangers of Becoming Morbidly Obese
As if the situations previously highlighted were not enough to become concerned, morbidly obese individuals may not always appreciate the strain being placed upon their bodies. This type of obesity will often result in the accumulation of visceral fat. Visceral fat is a type of fat that resides within the abdominal cavity. If left unchecked, it can place a significant amount of strain upon the organs and lead to serious issues. Once again, taking a proactive approach is the best way to avoid such an outcome.
How to Combat Morbid and Severe Obesity
Thankfully, this condition can often be reversed by taking a handful of practical steps. The most obvious include eating healthy, exercising on a regular basis and eliminating any bad habits (such as an excessive consumption of alcohol). It can still be difficult for some individuals to reach their goals and in certain cases, medical intervention may be warranted.
One powerful strategy involves the use of a Spatz3 adjustable gastric balloon. This device will limit the amount of food that can be eaten at any given time. As a result, the body is forced to use existing fat as a source of fuel; eventually leading to a BMI reduction. Many have already experienced positive effects over time and in some cases, such a strategy could even lead to life-saving changes.
Do you suspect that you are dangerously obese? If so, make it a point to consult with a physician sooner as opposed to later. There are countless ways in which you can avert the effects of morbid obesity and enjoy a more rewarding lifestyle.